Characterization Of Shock Buffet On A Supercritical 2D Airfoil In Transonic Flow
C. J. Schauerte, A.-M. Schreyer
Institute of Aerodynamics, RWTH Aachen University, Germany
The transonic flow over the supercritical OAT15A airfoil is investigated experimentally. Using time-resolved focusing schlieren sequences, we extracted the temporal evolution of the chordwise shock location for a wide range of combinations of Mach number and angle of attack. Based on this data, we identified the conditions of pre-buffet, buffet onset, fully-established buffet, and buffet-offset behavior. Key parameters characterizing most pronounced buffet behavior are presented and quantified in terms of the shock amplitude, its variation over multiple buffet cycles, and the associated frequency of the periodic shock oscillation. Fully-established buffet is identified at a Mach number of 0.72 and angle of attack of 5 deg. It is demonstrated that these operating conditions are characterized by a quasi-sinusoidal shock oscillation at a distinct frequency of 113 Hz, in good agreement with previous studies. This analysis reveals that the harmonic shock oscillation spanning a range of about 16.5% of the airfoil chord is accompanied by a coupled large-scale variation of the global flow topology. Both instantaneous and mean velocity components in the chordwise and vertical directions are discussed for representative phases of the buffet cycle. Instantaneous vector fields of both components provide insight into the flow organization throughout the buffet cycle and allow to identify the streamwise distance traveled by the shock wave within a full cycle. We can thus precisely capture the state of the shock wave and quantify the evolution of the shock-induced separation and the size of the turbulent wake. Severe variations of the flow topology are induced by the large-scale upstream and downstream shock displacement. The results show that incidents of massive flow separation are observed for shock positions being close to the upstream limit, and more general, that the wake influence is more pronounced when induced by an upstream traveling shock wave. Phase-averaged velocity profiles at significant locations along the airfoil suction side complement this analysis. Characteristic sets of velocity profiles are discussed in detail that allow to uniquely describe the development of the flow in each phase of the buffet cycle. Detailed contours and profiles of both velocity and Reynolds shear stress contributions across the wake region highlight the strong downstream influence the shock-induced turbulent wake. Phases of severe flow separation result in reverse flow persisting until the trailing edge which further substantiates the induced momentum deficit.