Statistical Analysis Of Bubble Parameters From A Model Bubble Column With And Without Countercurrent Flow
P. Kováts. K. Zähringer
Laboratory of Fluid Dynamics and Tevhnical Flows, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
Bubble columns are widely used in numerous industrial processes, because of their advantages in operation, design and maintenance compared to other multiphase reactor types. In contrast to their simple design, the generated flow conditions inside a bubble column reactor are quite complex, especially in continuous mode with counter-current liquid flow. For the design and optimization of such reactors precise numerical simulations and modelling is needed. These simulations and models have to be validated with experimental data. For this reason experiments were carried out in a laboratory-scale bubble column with shadow imaging technique with and without countercurrent liquid flow. In the experiments two types of gases –relatively badly soluble air and good soluble CO2 – are applied and the bubbles were generated with three different capillary diameters. With changing gas and liquid flow rates overall 108 different flow conditions were investigated. The gathered data has been statistically evaluated over the whole 1 m measurement area and bubble parameters have been obtained such as bubble diameter, velocity, aspect ratio, bubble motion direction and inclination. The analysis of these parameters shows, that the countercurrent liquid flow has a noticeable influence on the bubble parameters, especially on the bubble velocity and motion direction. In the case of CO 2 bubbles remarkable bubble shrinkage has been observed at counter-current liquid flow due to the enhanced mass transfer. The comprehensive and extensive bubble data obtained in this study will now be used as a source for the validation of numerical simulations and models.